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Latest estimates from Informa’s Agribusiness Consulting show that pesticides manufactured in China and India have taken an increasing proportion of the global crop protection market.

An analysis of UN trade statistics and manufacturing trends in the crop protection industry shows that the overall volume of crop protection products manufactured globally has increased from 2.0 million to 2.8 million tonnes between 2008 and 2016, representing an annual growth rate of 5% per year. Volume growth has been fastest in China (10% CAGR), India (8%), other Asia (6%) and Latin America (6%). A major factor in this volume growth has been the intensification of agriculture in emerging economies. A specific factor has been the increase in the use of glyphosate, which is applied at relatively high rates and is the largest product in the world by some way in volume terms. This in turn is a result of the increased use of seeds which have been genetically modified to be tolerant to glyphosate in the Americas. Other drivers of the growth of glyphosate are the increasing practice of no-till agriculture and rising labour costs in emerging economies, which stimulate substitution of herbicides for hand and mechanical weeding.

The corresponding growth of the market in value terms has been slightly less at 3% per year, with the market reaching USD57 billion in 2016. In contrast, growth has been high in certain countries, notably China (15% CAGR) and India (11%).

Much of the growth in China and India has been driven by increased exports. Chinese crop protection exports increased from 228,000 tonnes in 2008 to 649,000 tonnes in 2016, representing 14% annual growth. Indian exports increased from 71,000 to 171,000 tonnes, representing 12% annual growth. Importantly, production from China and India has taken an increasing proportion of the global crop protection market.

 

Estimates of the global manufacture of Pesticide Actives Ingredients

 

Active Volume (000 kg)

  Global Asia LATAM NAFTA EUROPE China India EU USA
2008 1,979,402 822,485 410,366 410,751 382,352 417,477 104,557 354,777 406,102
2009 1,941,124 795,571 412,536 389,535 372,367 417,354 115,085 329,361 405,473
2010 2,342,879 1,066,678 419,694 502,257 434,846 454,239 124,018 385,064 477,830
2011 2,420,520 1,086,545 475,721 501,497 457,786 585,268 124,749 385,383 443,616
2012 2,577,086 1,236,767 475,955 523,957 464,858 678,545 133,754 464,937 492,070
2013 2,439,371 1,182,400 472,451 530,067 442,174 773,604 148,442 443,158 476,773
2014 2,665,617 1,204,490 549,150 576,254 513,746 760,416 161,912 489,912 498,155
2015 2,427,463 1,080,981 555,047 483,525 471,447 780,787 171,720 498,284 453,543
2016 2,837,770 1,265,285 645,412 547,625 515,490 887,564 195,983 501,095 498,149
% CAGR 5% 6% 6% 4% 4% 10% 8% 4% 3%
 

Active Value (USD m)

  Global Asia LATAM NAFTA EUROPE China India EU USA
2008 44,183 13,545 7,946 9,406 15,732 4,365 1,948 14,856 8,290
2009 43,440 14,572 7,220 8,850 14,384 4,531 2,061 12,343 7,913
2010 43,512 14,270 7,718 9,212 14,001 5,093 2,228 13,115 8,404
2011 50,196 17,221 9,012 9,926 16,880 5,659 2,690 16,282 8,979
2012 53,431 18,513 9,727 10,496 17,850 6,393 2,696 19,319 9,287
2013 59,082 21,965 11,560 11,774 19,075 10,378 3,467 20,260 9,635
2014 62,538 23,070 13,543 11,646 18,851 12,528 3,363 19,590 9,445
2015 56,566 22,693 12,103 10,645 16,386 12,618 4,400 17,796 9,057
2016 57,380 23,393 11,497 11,054 15,278 13,512 4,645 16,530 9,232
% CAGR 30% 73% 45% 18% -3% 210% 138% 11% 11%

Estimates of the global trade in Pesticide Actives Ingredients by region 

 

ASIA

Active Volume equivalent (000 kg)

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016   % CAGR
NAFTA 35,150 36,575 24,225 27,075 34,200 42,750 42,275 57,475 66,025 8%
LATAM 47,500 53,200 62,225 72,200 93,100 121,600 122,550 126,825 172,900 18%
ASIA - - - - - - - - - -
EUROPE 49,400 45,125 49,875 54,150 62,225 66,500 68,400 69,825 75,050 5%
MEA 76,950 92,150 121,600 161,025 152,475 172,900 217,075 191,425 207,100 13%
China 14,250 12,825 15,200 11,400 21,375 21,375 22,800 22,800 27,550 9%
India 1,900 1,900 2,850 5,225 6,175 8,075 9,025 4,275 5,225 13%
EU 32,300 29,450 28,975 29,925 35,625 37,525 41,800 43,225 37,525 2%
USA 28,975 28,025 14,725 19,475 25,175 29,925 28,500 38,475 42,750 5%
Total Exports 209,000 227,050 257,925 314,450 342,000 403,750 450,300 445,550 521,075   12%
 

LATAM

Active Volume equivalent (000 kg)

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016   % CAGR
NAFTA 9,025 8,550 9,975 9,500 8,550 7,600 6,650 7,600 7,600 -2%
LATAM - - - - - - - - - -
ASIA 6,175 5,700 7,125 7,125 6,650 8,075 6,175 5,225 5,700 -1%
EUROPE 5,700 6,650 3,800 3,325 3,800 3,325 3,325 3,325 4,275 -4%
MEA 1,425 1,425 2,375 2,850 2,850 2,375 2,375 2,375 1,900 4%
China 475 475 475 475 950 1,425 1,425 1,425 950 9%
India 475 - - 950 - - - - - -100%
EU 5,225 6,650 3,325 3,325 3,325 3,325 3,325 3,325 4,275 -2%
USA 5,225 4,750 5,700 5,700 4,750 3,800 3,325 3,325 2,375 -9%
Total Exports 22,325 22,325 23,275 22,800 21,850 21,375 18,525 18,525 19,475   -2%
 

NAFTA

Active Volume equivalent (000 kg)

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016   % CAGR
NAFTA - - - - - - - - - -
LATAM 24,700 19,475 25,650 31,350 32,775 34,675 36,100 30,400 28,025 2%
ASIA 15,675 12,825 16,625 18,525 18,525 19,950 20,425 21,850 20,425 3%
EUROPE 19,950 18,050 19,000 19,475 21,375 16,150 15,675 14,725 16,150 -3%
MEA 4,750 5,225 6,650 6,175 7,600 6,175 6,650 6,175 6,175 3%
China 3,325 2,850 2,850 3,325 2,850 2,850 3,800 3,800 3,325 0%
India 950 950 950 1,900 1,900 1,425 1,425 1,425 1,425 5%
EU 19,475 17,575 18,525 18,525 20,900 15,675 15,200 14,725 15,675 -3%
USA 11,400 12,825 14,250 13,775 19,950 20,425 21,375 24,700 26,125 11%
Total Exports 65,075 55,575 67,925 75,525 80,275 76,950 78,850 73,150 70,775   1%
 

Europe

Active Volume equivalent (000 kg)

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016   % CAGR
NAFTA 26,600 21,850 25,175 28,025 34,675 32,300 31,825 33,725 28,500 1%
LATAM 20,900 19,950 28,025 35,625 37,050 39,900 43,225 47,500 36,100 7%
ASIA 72,200 63,175 70,775 78,850 81,700 89,300 93,100 91,200 87,875 2%
EUROPE - - - - - - - - - -
MEA 59,375 52,725 62,700 66,025 68,875 77,425 78,375 82,175 80,750 4%
China 7,600 7,600 8,550 10,450 11,400 12,825 13,300 10,925 10,925 5%
India 2,375 2,375 3,325 3,800 3,325 3,325 3,800 4,275 4,750 9%
EU 511,575 448,875 477,850 542,925 608,000 648,850 668,800 716,775 712,975 4%
USA 21,375 16,150 18,525 20,900 24,225 24,225 24,225 25,650 20,900 0%
Total Exports 179,075 157,700 186,675 208,525 222,300 238,925 246,525 254,600 233,225   3%

Estimates of the global trade in Pesticide Actives Ingredients by key countries/region

 

China

Active Volume equivalent (000 kg)

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016   % CAGR
NAFTA 19,475 22,800 10,450 10,925 14,250 21,850 20,900 30,875 38,000 9%
LATAM 30,400 27,550 35,625 50,350 64,600 85,975 88,350 86,925 120,175 19%
ASIA 93,100 91,675 114,000 148,200 179,075 223,725 217,550 232,750 281,675 15%
EUROPE 30,400 27,075 32,300 35,625 39,425 41,800 40,850 41,325 51,300 7%
MEA 54,625 65,075 92,625 123,975 119,700 133,000 167,675 150,100 158,175 14%
China - - - - - - - - - -
India 1,425 1,425 1,425 2,850 3,800 5,225 4,750 1,425 1,900 4%
EU 13,775 11,875 12,350 12,350 13,775 13,775 16,150 16,625 15,675 2%
USA 18,525 19,475 7,125 9,025 12,350 16,150 13,300 19,950 23,275 3%
Total Exports 228,000 234,175 285,000 369,075 417,050 506,350 535,325 541,975 649,325   14%
 

India

Active Volume equivalent (000 kg)

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016   % CAGR
NAFTA 9,500 7,600 7,125 9,025 12,825 13,300 14,250 18,525 21,375 11%
LATAM 9,975 15,200 15,675 15,675 19,000 24,700 24,700 27,075 41,325 19%
ASIA 26,125 22,800 28,500 33,250 31,350 36,100 42,275 44,175 53,200 9%
EUROPE 12,350 13,775 13,300 14,725 18,525 19,950 22,800 24,700 20,900 7%
MEA 12,825 16,150 16,625 24,225 20,900 26,125 29,925 26,125 33,725 13%
China 1,900 1,900 1,900 2,375 2,850 2,850 2,850 3,325 4,275 11%
India - - - - - - - - - -
EU 11,875 13,775 12,350 13,775 17,575 19,475 21,850 24,225 19,000 6%
USA 8,075 5,700 5,225 6,650 9,500 10,450 10,925 14,250 17,575 10%
Total Exports 70,775 75,525 81,225 96,900 102,600 120,175 133,950 140,600 170,525   12%
 

EU

Active Volume equivalent (000 kg)

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016   % CAGR
NAFTA 26,125 20,900 24,225 27,550 33,725 31,350 30,400 32,775 27,075 0%
LATAM 19,950 17,575 26,125 33,250 34,675 36,575 38,950 44,650 34,200 7%
ASIA 65,075 57,475 65,550 75,050 77,900 84,550 88,350 86,450 81,700 3%
EUROPE 560,500 488,300 518,225 591,375 662,150 703,950 722,950 773,300 780,900 4%
MEA 57,000 51,300 60,800 64,600 67,925 76,475 76,475 80,750 79,800 4%
China 6,650 6,650 7,600 9,500 10,925 12,350 12,825 10,450 10,450 6%
India 2,375 2,375 2,850 3,800 2,850 3,325 3,800 4,275 4,275 8%
EU - - - - - - - - - -
USA 20,900 15,675 18,050 20,425 23,750 23,275 23,275 24,700 19,950 -1%
Total Exports 728,650 635,550 694,925 791,825 876,375 932,900 957,125 1,017,925 1,003,675   4%
 

USA

Active Volume equivalent (000 kg)

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016   % CAGR
NAFTA 91,200 91,200 104,975 104,025 114,475 125,875 120,175 114,475 126,350 4%
LATAM 23,275 18,525 22,325 27,550 29,450 32,300 32,775 27,075 23,750 0%
ASIA 15,675 12,350 16,150 17,100 18,050 18,050 19,950 20,425 18,525 2%
EUROPE 19,000 16,150 17,575 18,050 19,475 14,250 13,300 12,825 13,775 -4%
MEA 4,750 5,225 5,700 6,175 7,125 6,175 6,175 5,700 5,700 2%
China 3,325 2,850 2,375 2,850 2,375 2,850 3,800 3,325 2,375 -4%
India 950 950 950 1,900 1,425 1,425 1,425 1,425 1,425 5%
EU 18,050 16,150 17,100 17,575 19,475 14,250 13,300 12,825 13,775 -3%
USA - - - - - - - - - -
Total Exports 153,900 143,450 166,725 172,900 188,575 196,650 192,375 180,500 188,100   3%

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